3 Best Laser Engraver & Cutter Machines for Wood in 2023

por Shopify API Publicado en May 11, 2023

When selecting a laser engraver and cutter for wood, it is crucial to prioritize the quality of the final output over the machine's mere capability to engrave and cut the wood. While some machines can quickly engrave or cut wood, they often leave behind unsightly burn marks, charred edges, and can fail to capture intricate image details. Such machines are not ideal for wood engraving or cutting.

To avoid such suboptimal results, it is important to focus on the quality of the laser engraver and cutter for wood, rather than simply its functionality. A high-quality wood laser engraver and cutter can produce precise, detailed, and visually appealing engravings with clean, smooth edges, and without leaving burn marks.

wood laser engraver and some wood engraving and cutting projects

Finding the best laser engraver for wood can be a challenging task, but by following this guide, you will know what to look for and factors to consider when choosing a wood laser engraver and cutter.

In This Article

  • Wood Laser Engraver and Cutter Machine Types
  • What Makes a Good Wood Laser Engraver?
  • How Much Does a Wood Laser Engraving and Cutting Machine Cost?
  • Safety Measures for Laser Engraving and Cutting Wood
  • Best Wood Types for Laser Engraving and Cutting
  • Conclusion

Wood Laser Engraver and Cutter Machine Types

A laser engraver is an ideal tool for achieving precise and intricate designs on wood. Unlike traditional carving methods, laser engraving utilizes powerful laser beams to mark designs onto the surface of the wood. When the laser beam comes in contact with the surface of the wood, the temperature of the wood surface rises rapidly. Due to the intense power, the material on the surface is removed, resulting in intricate and detailed designs that are both visually and tactually appealing. 

In wood laser engraving, the material from the surface is slightly removed, and you see 3D deep cuts that can also be felt.

wood laser engraving

In wood laser cutting, the laser beams pass through the wood, cutting it into precise pieces. This is a highly effective method for creating intricate shapes and designs with clean and precise edges.

wood laser cutting

Overall, laser engraving and cutting are superior methods for custom woodworking due to their high precision, accuracy, and efficiency. They are ideal for creating custom designs, intricate patterns, and unique shapes that are difficult to achieve with traditional methods.

wood laser engraving and cutting items

fiber laser engraver, and infrared laser engraver

CO2 laser cutter machines are quite powerful, and they take less time to engrave or cut wood. On the other hand, diode lasers take more time, but a powerful diode laser for 20W can do the job at a fast spee as well..

The results of both the wood laser engraver and wood laser cutter machines are exceptional. Their focused laser beams produce a small spot size, allowing even the tiniest of details to be captured. This intricate detailing and finishing are not achievable through any other wood engraving or cutting process.

What Makes a Good Wood Laser Engraver?

While buying a laser engraver for wood, certain things and factors should be kept in mind. Some features, characteristics, and functionalities of laser engravers make them perfect for engraving wood. 

1. Fewer Burn Marks

Laser engravers emitintensely powerful laser beams that increase the temperature of the surface of the material on which they fall. The temperature rises quickly and vaporizes the materials. You might like to have a very powerful laser, but in the case of wood, the power should not be too intense as it can leave burn marks on the object. Wood is quite delicate, which is the reason the optical power of the wood laser engraver and cutter matters a lot.

Usually, for hobby-level wood laser engraver, the power of diode lasers ranges from 5W to 40W, and CO2 lasers range from 40W to 60W. If the power setting is higher, you should match it with a higher engraving or cutting speed so as to reduce the dwell time of the laser on the wood, which will avoide burn marks.

laser cut wood without burn marks and with burn marks

Moreover, to eliminate the burn marks on the back of the object, the right laser bed must be used. Honeycomb panel is the ideal bed for wood  laser engraving or cutting as it allows the heat to dissipate quickly.

2. Air Assist

Air assist is an essential accessory for wood laser engraving. If you want to see the perfect results, make sure the laser engraver for wood has that. It not only blows the smoke away but also prevents discoloration of the wooden object. The air assist throws a powerful air blow and takes away the fumes produced while engraving. Secondly, it also blows debris.

air assist for wood laser cutter

3. Working Area and Height

The working area of a wood laser engraving machine is an essential factor to consider when choosing the best machine for your needs. It determines the size of the objects that you can engrave and the type of projects you can undertake. For DIY projects and small businesses, a working area of at least 400 x 300mm is suitable. This size is sufficient for engraving small to medium-sized objects and can accommodate most hobbyist and small business needs.

The height of a wood laser engraving machine is also a crucial factor. While some beginners and enthusiasts may overlook this aspect, it is essential for accommodating various object sizes and types of engraving projects. By selecting a laser engraving machine with an excellent height, you can engrave more objects or thicker materials with ease. Additionally, a higher height provides the flexibility to use rotary attachments for engraving cylindrical objects such as wine bottles, mugs, or other rounded surfaces. 

a wood laser engraver engraving on cylindrical wood

Moreover, a wood laser engraving machine with an adjustable height option is an ideal choice. It allows you to change the height according to the thickness of the material being engraved, giving you more precision and control over the engraving process.

4. Fine Laser Spot

For wood laser engraving, the laser spot should be as small as possible. The smaller the spot, the more details it can consider while engraving. The laser spot should be smaller than 0.1 x 0.1mm. The value is just for your consideration, but you can easily get a smaller laser spot.

fine laser engraving

5. High Accuracy

The accuracy of the wood laser engraver should be excellent. The software directs the laser head and moves it to different positions. The engraving results will be perfect and there will be minimal errors if the accuracy is excellent. In some laser engraving machines, the movement accuracy reaches 0.004 inches (0.1mm). Another important thing associated with accuracy is the repeat position accuracy. It ensures minimal error when the laser head moves to the previous position. Some machines have visible errors of repeat position, so you need to take care of this specification as well. The suitable positioning accuracy for fine engraving is 0.007-0.010 inches (0.2-0.3mm).

How Much Does a Wood Laser Engraving and Cutting Machine Cost?

The cost of a laser machine depends on the type of laser machine, specifications, features, and other factors. However, we can have a rough idea of the cost.

    Diode Lasers

    The most cost-effective option for wood laser engraving and wood laser cutting is a diode laser. It can engrave and cut any type of wood with perfection. Some diode laser machines are quite powerful, and they can cut up to 15mm plywood in only one pass. 

    The cost of a diode laser ranges from $800 to $1,500. This is the cost of the machines, and the accessories, such as the air assist and rotary attachment, are sold separately. The cost depends mainly on the optical power. Usually, the available laser diode machines are 5W to 40W. The higher the power, the more the cost will be. For wood laser cutting, higher power is preferred. On the other hand, for wood laser engraving, you can choose a 5W or 10W laser because lower power offers more details. 

    Other than wood, you can also engrave acrylic, stone, ceramics, glass, some metals and some other materials using a diode laser machine. The best thing about diode lasers is that these machines work for a long time. Their lifespan is exceptional and can reach up to 50,000 hours. Thus, you can easily recover your investment.

    CO2 Lasers

    CO2 laser machines are quite expensive compared to diode lasers. The cost of these machines is because of the technology and the features. Most of the machines are equipped with a built-in camera and extraordinary features, and these things increase the overall cost. Secondly, the technology is also expensive.  You can get a suitable CO2 laser machine for $3,500 to $5,000.

    A CO2 laser machine is faster than a diode laser, and it is capable of laser engraving and cutting more materials. Although it has a shorter lifespan of 8,000-10,000 hours, it is worth it. It makes wood laser cutting and wood laser engraving as easy as pie.

    The cost of a diode laser ranges from $800 to $1,500. This is the cost of the machines, and the accessories, such as the air assist and rotary attachment, are sold separately. The cost depends mainly on the optical power. Usually, the available laser diode machines are 5W to 40W. The higher the power, the more the cost will be. For wood laser cutting, higher power is preferred. On the other hand, for wood laser engraving, you can choose a 5W or 10W laser because lower power offers more details. 

    Other than wood, you can also engrave acrylic, stone, ceramics, glass, some metals and some other materials using a diode laser machine. The best thing about diode lasers is that these machines work for a long time. Their lifespan is exceptional and can reach up to 50,000 hours. Thus, you can easily recover your investment.

Best Laser Engraver and Cutter for Wood

1. xTool D1 Pro

xtool d1 pro wood laser engraving machine

xTool D1 Pro is a diode laser engraving and cutting machine that can easily engrave and cut wood. It is ideal for DIY lovers, hobbyists, and small businesses as it's compact and pocket-friendly.

It has 4 versions of laser modules, 5W, 10W, 20W and 40W. All of them are suitable for wood laser engraving and wood laser cutting. For ultra-fine wood laser engraving, the 5W module is the perfect one. Its laser spot measures only 0.06 x 0.06mm, which can engrave fine details with optimal accuracy and perfection. The world's most powerful diode laser module 40W module is ideal for cutting wood at a faster high speed. It can cut 20mm pine wood in one pass. 

area is 430 x 390 mm, which is more than the size of an A3 paper. Plus, you can use rises to increase the height of the machine. The best part is that the machine is compatible with the world's first 4-in-1 rotary attachment that can work on 90% of cylindrical and spherical objects. It offers built-in limit switches, easy focus adjustment, and an incredible processing speed of 400 mm/s. Most importantly, it has flame detection

xTool D1 Pro Diode Laser Engraver

xTool D1 Pro wood laser engraver

Price:

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2. xTool M1

xtool m1 wood laser cutter

xTool M1 is a desktop laser and blade cutting machine that can handle both laser cutting and engraving, and blade cutting in 5 Watt and 10 Watt modes. It is the first machine of its kind in the world, and it offers many advantages for woodworkers and hobbyists.

built-in camera for visualizing the entire workspace and auto-focus adjustment feature, allowing for quicker and precise focusing. The laser engraving area is about 385 x 300mm, which is suitable for most of the tasks. You can also use a roller rotary inside the machine to engrave cylindrical objects with perfection. Additionaly, the machine is specifically designed for care-free use at home with safety features like light-filtering lid and efficient ventilation system

The xtool m1 also has a blade cutting mode that can cut through vinyl, paper, fabric, leather, and other materials with ease. You can use the blade cutting mode to create stickers, decals, labels, cards, and more. 

xTool  M1 Laser Engraver

xTool M1 wood laser engraver

Price:

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3. xTool P2

xtool p2 wood laser cutting machine

If you are looking for a more powerful laser cutting machine for wood, you might want to check out the xTool P2. It's a 55W CO2 laser cutter that can cut up to 18mm black walnut and 20mm acrylic in one pass. It also has a maximum engraving speed of 600mm/s, which is faster than most laser cutters in the market. 

The xTool P2 is not only powerful, but also versatile. This machine has a 26.7'' x 14.1'' bed size that can accommodate large materials. It features a auto-passthrough function, which allows you to cut or engrave long materials that exceed the bed size by automatically feeding them through the machine. This way, you can create large-scale wood projects without any hassle. Another feature is the curved surface engraving function, which enables you to engrave on curved or uneven surfaces such as bottles, cups, balls and more.

The xTool P2 has dual 16mp cameras that provide a clear and accurate preview of your design on the material, and also help with alignment and positioning. The xTool P2 also comes with a built-in air assist system that blows away smoke dust during the cutting or engraving process and safety features like emergency stop button, improving the quality and safety of your work. Moreover, the xTool P2 supports Lightburn software, which is a popular and user-friendly software for laser cutting and engraving. You can easily import your designs from various formats such as SVG, AI, PDF, DXF and more, and control your machine settings from your computer.

The xTool P2 55W CO2 Laser Cutter is a great choice for hobbyists, makers, educators and professionals who want to create amazing projects with wood and other materials. It is easy to use, reliable and versatile, and offers a lot of value for its price. 

xTool P2 55W CO2 Laser Cutter

xtool p2 laser cutter for wood

Price:

€4.599,00
€4.999,00
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Safety Measures for Laser Engraving and Cutting Wood

Engraving on wood using a laser engraver is an exciting and rewarding process, but it's crucial to prioritize safety measures to prevent accidents. Before you begin engraving, it's important to ensure that your machine has the necessary safety features to protect you and your surroundings.

1. Flame Detection

The first safety feature that wood laser engraving and cutting machines should have is flame detection. Due to excessive heat, there are chances of a fire. Therefore, the machine should be capable enough to detect the flame, alert the user, and stop immediately. It is necessary to prevent fires.

area is 430 x 390 mm, which is more than the size of an A3 paper. Plus, you can use rises to increase the height of the machine. The best part is that the machine is compatible with the world's first 4-in-1 rotary attachment that can work on 90% of cylindrical and spherical objects. It offers built-in limit switches, easy focus adjustment, and an incredible processing speed of 400 mm/s. Most importantly, it has flame detection

2. Tip Over Safety

When the machine is tipped over, the laser beams are directed in a haphazard direction where they can damage the object, harm humans, or start a fire. Thus, a safety feature is necessary to detect the tipping of the machine and stop it immediately.

3. Proper Exhaust and Ventilation System

There are various particles and fumes produced due to laser engraving and cutting. Therefore, there should be a proper exhaust system. You might need to purchase it separately for your wood engraving machine, but it is worth it. Secondly, if there is no proper exhaust, the ventilation should be optimal to reduce the effect of fumes produced by engraving and cutting wood.

4. Never Leave the Machine Unattended

Whether you are running the laser engraving machine at your home, garage, factory, or any other place, you need to be vigilant. Never leave the machine unattended because accidents can happen anytime. You must be ready to deal with them.

Best Wood Types for Laser Engraving and Cutting

For the best laser engraving or laser cutting results, you need to select the right wood. Although the machines are capable of engraving different types of wood, you need to select the best one by looking at a few factors.

It does not only depend on the type of wood because the internal characteristics also matter. Therefore, you need to check the resin content, shade, and streaking to ensure you are picking the right wood for your engraving project

Resin Content:

Shade:

Streaking:

Some of the recommended wood types for engraving are,

  • Basswood
  • Cherry wood
  • Bamboo wood
  • Walnut
  • Oak
  • Pine wood
  • Birch wood
  • Mahogany
  • Maple wood
  • Plywood
  • MDF

Final Words

For the best laser engraving and cutting results on wood, you need to have the right machine and the right wood. We have discussed both in this article. You can consider the mentioned factors and safety features while selecting a wood laser engraver. We have also shared some of the best laser engraving machines that are suitable for wood engraving and cutting. The features and specifications are discussed in detail, so you can easily pick a suitable one for your needs. For the best wood piece for engraving, you can check the resin content, shade, and streaking before you buy. 

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